如何衡量PDM系统实施成与败

【导读】
关于PDM实施成败率的讨论在IT界一直比较热,相信随着实施PDM系统的客户数量增多之后,类似观点的讨论也会多起来。虽然PDM在近十年的发展应用为企业带来了很大的效益,但也不可否

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    BIZHEZUOWEIYIMINGPDM\PLMLINGYUDECONGYERENYUAN,YOUXINGZAIGUOQUDESHISANNIANLI,YIZHICONGSHICAD\CAPP\PDM\PLMRUANJIANXITONG、JIEJUEFANGANDEKAIFA、SHISHIHEYANJIUGONGZUO,JIECHUDAOLEDALIANGDEPDMSHISHIANLI,ERQIEFUZESHISHIGUODEPDMXIANGMUJINERSHIJIA。WEICI,XIWANGNENGTONGGUOBENWENJINXINGYICIPDMSHISHICHENGBAIFANGMIANDESIKAO,YUTONGXING、QIYEYIQITANTAORUHEGENGHAODIZUZHIHAOPDMXIANGMUDESHISHIGONGZUO。

 

    1.PDM实施成败的衡量

 

    CONGTONGCHANGDEXIANGMUGUANLIQINGKUANGLAIKAN,HENGLIANGPDMXIANGMUCHENGGONGYUFOUKEYITONGGUOYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANLAIKAN:

 

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    XIANGMUSHIFOUCHAOQI、YUSUANSHIFOUCHAOZHI;

 

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    XIANGMUSHIFOUNENGGOUYOUHOUQIXIANGMU,CHIXUDIBANGZHUQIYEJIEJUEWENTI;

 

    RANER,ZUIJIANDANDEXIANGMUSHIFOUSHISHICHENGGONGDEPINGPANFANGFA,SHIKANXIANGMUSHIFOUYANSHOU、ZAIYANSHOUHOUSHIFOUJIXUSHIYONG、SHIFOUZAIJIXUSHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGXINDEXUQIUJIJINXINGHOUXUXIANGMUDEFUWU、SHIFOUNENGYANXUXIANGMUJIAYIFANGZHANGQIDEHEZUODENG,RUGUODOUBUNENGDADAOCIXIAOGUO,ZERENWEIZAICHENGGONGDESHISHIXIANGMUDOUXUYAODAGEZHEKOU。

 

    DUIYUPDMDESHISHILAISHUO,KEDINGWEIWEICHANPINSHUJUGUANLI,YEKEDINGWEIWEIYANFATIXIJIANSHE,GENGKEDINGWEIWEIQIYEJISHUXINXIHUAZHICHENGPINGTAI,YINCIBUTONGDEDINGWEI,JIANGDAOZHISHISHIQIANHOUDEBUTONGJIEGUO。YINCI,YAOPINGJIAYIGEPDMXIANGMUDECHENGBAI,YAOKANQISHISHIZHIHOUDEFAZHANGUOCHENG,ZHIYAOSHISHIPDMXITONGNENGCHIXUJIQIYEDAILAIJIAZHI,NENGBANGZHUQIYEZAICHIXUGUANLIGAIJINGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANRENQINGWENTI、JIEJUEWENTI、HUODEXIAOYI,DOUNENGSUANSHIBUSHIBAIDE。

 

    FANZHI,RENWEICHENGGONGDEPDMXIANGMU,ZAIGAIPDMCHANPINTUICHULISHIWUTAIZHIHOU,JIQIYEHOUXUDESHENGJI、GENGXINGONGZUODAILAIJUDAZULI,RANGQIYEBUNENGTIYANXINJISHUDAILAIDEXIAOYIDEHUA,DOUZHUDINGSHISHIBAIDE。

 

    ZAIDELUKE《GUANLIDESHIJIAN》YISHUZHONG,YOUYIGELIZI,QIDAZHIYISISHISHUOZUIHAODEYISHENGBUSHIKAIHAOYAOFANGZUIDUODEYISHENG,ERSHIZAIKAIYAOFANGGUOCHENGZHONGZUINENGJISHIZHICUO、GAICUO、BUDUANTIGAODEYISHENG。YICITAOYONGDAOPINGJIAPDMXIANGMUDECHENGBAISHIBIJIAOQIADANGDE,RUGUONENGJIANCHIBAPDMSHISHIGUOCHENGSUOYUDAODEWENTI,JISHIJIYIJIEJUE,ZAIJIEJUEFANGAN、CHANPINZHILIANG、SHISHIFUWU、CHENGNUODUIXIAN、HUHUIHULIDENGFANGMIANJINXINGXIANGMUDUOFANGDEHUDONG,RANGPDMRUANJIANXITONGDESHIYONGRENYUANDEYI、RANGQIYEDEYI,NEIMESHIBAIDEPDMXIANGMUSHINENGGOUDADAJIANSHAODE。

 

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BBIN视讯游戏网站     XIANGMUERSHIYIJIAMINYINGQIYEZAI2000NIANSHISHISHANGXIANLEPDMXITONG,YIZHIWENDINGDISHIYONGLE5NIANDUO,JISHISHI2004NIANYOUYUQUANMIANYINJINSANWEISHEJIXITONGJIXINDEPLMXITONG,YEFANGQIBULEYUANPDMXITONG,BINGSHIXIANLEXINJIUPDM\PLM XITONGZHIJIANDEJINMIJICHENG。RANHOUDAOLE2006NIAN,XIANCONGJUBURUSHOUJINXINGSHENGJI,QIEHUANDAOLEXINDEPDMXITONG,ZAIDAO2007NIANJINXINGQUANMIANSHENGJI,BINGJIYUXINDEPDMPINGTAIYOUZENGJIAXINDEXUQIU。JISHISHIXIANHOUJICIDESHENGJI、GENGXINSHISHIBUTONGPDMCHANPIN,YEDUIQIYEZHENGTIXINXIHUAJIANSHEMEIYOUYINGXIANG,FANERSHIDEQIYEDEPDMJIANSHEXIAOYIXIANZHU、XINXINBEIZENG。YINCISHUODIYICIPDMSUIRANJINIANHOUBEIGENGXINLE,DANCONGJIQIYEDAILAIDEJIAZHIHEXIAOYIQINGKUANGSHANGKAN,JUEDUISHIYIGEFEICHANGCHENGGONGDEPDMXIANGMU。

 

    2.成功实施PDM系统的关键

 

    WOMENPINGJIAPDMXIANGMUSHISHICHENGGONGYUFOU,QIBENYISHIXUNZHAOQIZHONGSHISHIAOMIAO,ZHAOCHUKEGONGCANKAODEYINSU,BIMIANZAIXINDEPDMXIANGMUZHONGCHUXIANPIANCHA。JIDEYIJIASHISHIZHONGZHIGUOLIANGGEPDMXITONGDEQIYELAOZONG,ZAIDISANCIQIDONGXINDEPDMXITONGSHISHISHI,SHUOGUODEYIDUANHUA:“NIMENRUANJIANCHANGJIADEZIXUNGUWENSHIPDMDEZHUANYERENYUAN,WOMENSHIXIAOXUESHENG,NIMENZAIMINGCHU,WOMENZAIANCHU,HENXIWANGNIMENNENGGOUDAIZHEWOMENWANCHENGHAOZHENGGEPDMXITONGDESHISHI,HAOBUBAOLIUDIBANIMENDEZHISHI、JINGYANCHUANSHOUJIWOMEN,BANGWOMENCHENGGONGDIWANCHENGCICIPDMSHISHIGONGZUO”。

 

    XINPDMXITONGSHISHITUANDUI,ZHIYONGLEBUDAO3GEYUESHIJIANJIUWANCHENGLEZHIQIANLIANGCIPDMSHISHIGONGZUOGEYINIANDUODOUWEINENGWANCHENGDEGONGZUO,SHIDEQIYEMANYI、SHEJIRENYUANZIYUANDISHIYONGQIZHENGGEPDMXITONG。

 

    YOUCIKEJIAN,PDMXITONGNENGFOUSHISHICHENGGONG,YUNEIGEQIYE、NEIGERUANJIANDOUMEIYOUZHIJIEDEGUANXI,RENHEYIGEPDMCHANPINDOUYOUCHENGGONGDEANLIYEYOUSHIBAIDEANLI,ZAINANSHISHICHENGGONGPDMDEQIYEYEKEYIQINGSONGDISHIXIANPDMSHISHIDECHENGGONG。CONGZHONGBUNANKANCHU,PDMSHISHIZUOWEIYIGEXIANGMU,XUYAOANZHAOXIANGMUBUKEFUXIANDETEDIAN,YANJINDIKANDAIGEZHONGWENTI,FUZERENDICHENGDANWENTI,JIJIDIJIEJUEWENTI,YINCI,YAOBAOZHENGPDMSHISHICHENGGONG,JIYAOXUANZEHAOCHANPIN、XUANZEHAOFUWUSHANG,ANZHAOXIANGMUGUANLIDEJIZHILAIJINXINGGUANLI,ZAIZUIKUNNANDESHIHOUYAOJIANCHI,YOUYAOJIJIDICUJINSHIQINGCHAOZHEHAODEFANGMIANFAZHAN,YAOSHIXIANJINGJIXIAOYIHESHEHUIXIAOYIDESHUANGYING。

 

    GENJUBIZHEDUONIANSHISHIPDMCHENGGONGDEJINGYAN,YIJIDUIXIANGMUGUANLI、MUBIAOJIJIXIAOGUANLIDELIJIE。

 

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    SANGEJIANCHI:JIANCHIGOUTONG、JIANCHIJIEJUEWENTI、JIANCHIXIANGHUXINREN;

 

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    MINGBAIXIAOFEISHIYAOQIUQIYEYAOZHUZHONGZIJIXIANGYAOSHENME,MUBIAOSHISHENME、GONGSHISHISHENME,BUTUHUABIANYIJIAGEMAIGEDAFANWEI,ERZHUZHONGHUAHESHIDETOUZIJIANDAOSHIXIAO。YINCI,YAOZHAOMINGBAIDEGONGYINGSHANGZAIGUIFANDEYINDAO、XIANGMUJIANYIDENGDEZHIYINXIA,XIHUAQIYEZISHENDEXUQIU、JICHUHEXIANGFA,MINGQUEHAOJIEDUANHEBUZHOU,GUANZHUZISHENYEWULIUCHENGYUNYINGJIYOUHUAGUOCHENGZHONGDEXUYAO,CONGERXINGCHENGYIGEQINGXIDEXIANGMUGONGZUOFANWEISHUOMINGSHU。ANZHAOXIANGMUGUANLIYISI,JIUSHIYAOSHIBIEDINGYIHAOXIANGMUDEMUBIAO、FANWEI、BUZHOU、GUANJIANHUANJIE,BINGZAIDUOFANGDACHENGYIZHIGONGSHI。

 

    MINGBAISHISHISHIYAOQIUZAIZHENGGESHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOYOUWANZHENGDEXIANGMUJIHUA,GUIYUEXIANGMUSHISHIDEJIEDUAN、LICHENGBEI、BUZHOU、JIEZOU、FUZEREN,BINGZAIJIHUAQUEDINGZHIHOU,MEIZHOUJINXINGJIHUADITUIJIN,JIANCHAJIHUAZHIXINGQINGKUANG、FENXIZHIXINGPIANCHAYUANYIN、JINXINGZHIXINGJIXIAOGAIJINCUOSHIFENXI,BINGXINGCHENGWENZI,TIJIAOJISHUANGFANGQIYELINGDAOZHE。YOUYUXIANGMUJIHUAZHIXINGSHUIPINGDEGAODIHUIYINGXIANGDAOCIBUFENDEZHIXINGXIAOGUO,YINCISHISHIZIXUNGUWEN、XIANGMUJINGLIDENENGLIHEYUELIJIUXIANDEFEICHANGZHONGYAO。

 

    MINGBAIJIANXIAOSHIZHIBUTUDA、BUTUQUAN,YOUXIEXUQIUKAOLVBUQINGCHU、SHISHITIAOJIANBUCHENGSHU,NAPAZAIHETONGSHANGYUEDINGLE,YEYAOJINXINGSHIDANGDIXIESHANG、DIAOZHENG,BINGZAISHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,FENQINGZEREN,BIMIANYOUYUMOUYIFANGTIAOJIANBUCHENGSHUERSHIDEXIANGMUZHOUQIBIANZHANG、HUIKUANKUNNAN、XINRENXIAJIANG、FUWUTUOJIEDENG,FANERKEYICAIYONGDIAOZHENGSHISHIJIEDUAN、YUEDINGSHISHIFANWEI,BAOZHENGSHUANGFANGGONGZUOJIEGUODEDACHENGHESHOUYI,ZHUBUTUIJIN。

 

    JIANCHIGOUTONGJIUSHIYAOZAISHISHIGONGZUOFANWEI、SHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHUDONGTINGQUSHIYONGRENYUAN、SHISHIRENYUANDEYIJIAN,CAIQUZHENGSHI‘YUANZHUOHUIYI’DEFANGSHI,JINXINGKAICHENGBUGONGDIGOUTONG,JILUWENTI、JIEJUEWENTI,SHIDAJIADOUYOUCANYUGAN、YOUSHISHICHENGGONGZHIHOUZIJICHULELIDECHENGJIGAN。YOUQIYAOZHUYI,SIXIAGOUTONGBUNENGDENGTONGYUZHENGSHIGOUTONG,YAOZUODAOGOUTONGXINGSHIDUOYANGHUA,DUIZHENGSHIGOUTONGYAOZUODAODINGQI、WENZIJILU、TUIJINJIEJUE。

 

    JIANCHIJIEJUEWENTIJIUSHIYAOBAJIEJUEWENTIZUOWEISHOUYAOGONGZUO,RUANJIANFANGYAOJIJIDIJINXINGXIANCHANGFUWU、RUANJIANERCIKAIFA、JIEJUEWENTI,QIYEFANGYAOJIJIDIPEIHECESHIWENTI、QUERENWENTI。DUIYUJIEJUETIAOJIANBUCHENGSHUDEWENTI,YAOSHEDEFANGYIFANG。TONGSHI,BAWENTIJINXINGA、B、CFENLEI,QUEDINGZHONGYAODU,YOUXIANJIEJUEZHUYAOWENTI,RANGSHIYONGRENYUANXIANNENGWENDINGDISHIYONGHAOXITONG。

 

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    FAZHANXUQIUSHIZHISHUANGFANGYAOBUDUANDIFAXIANXUQIU、SIKAOXUQIU,ZHANZAIQIYEYEWULIUCHENGCHIXUGAIJINYOUHUAJIAODU,ZHANZAIPDMCHANPINJIEJUEFANGANBUDUANCHENGSHUWANSHANJIAODU,ZHANZAIYAOBAPDMYEWUZUOQIANG、ZUODADEJIAODU,WAJUEXUQIU,SHIDEPDMXITONGDESHISHIHEJIANSHE,YONGYUANYOUYUANDONGLI。

 

    FAZHANSILUSHIZAIXUQIUCHULAIZHIHOU,BUYAOGUSHOUZIFENG,YAOJIANCHISIKAO、JIJIJIEJUE,XINGCHENGQINGXISILUHOUYAODADANDIMAIBU,BUPASHIBAI,ZAISHIJIANGUOCHENGZHONGZHAOGANJUE、ZHAOZUIJIALUJING。

 

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    3.导致PDM实施失败的因素

 

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    YEXUDAOZHISHIBAIDEGEGEYINSUZHONG,CONGYINGXIANGCHENGGONGDEYINSUFANGUOLAIKANJIUNENGCHAJUECHU,ZAICIJIUBUYIYILIEJU,ZHISHIQIANGDIAOLIANGDIAN。

 

    YISHIQIYEGUANLITURANGHEHUANJINGSHIFOUSHIYISHISHIPDMXITONG。RUGUOANZHAOQIYEFAZHANJIEDUANDEXIAO、ZHONG、DA、CHAODADENGJIGEBUZHOULAIKAN,PDMXITONGYEKEYICHENGDANQI‘JIANLIQIYEJIYI’、‘CUJINQIYEBIANGE’、‘JIANLIDIGUO’DENGZUOYONG,MEIYIGEJIEDUANYAOCAIQUXIANGYINGDEDINGWEI,SHIXIANGLIANJICHUDOUMEIDAHAOJIUXIANGSHIXIANBIANGE、SHIXIANCHAOYILIU,SHIBIYAOCHIGENGDUOKUTOU。TONGYANG,YOUYUQIYENEIBUDEZHENGZHIDOUZHENG,YINFAPDMSHISHIGUOCHENGZHONGDEGELEITUIJINBULI,YERONGYISHIPDMXITONGSHIBAI。

 

    ERSHIYAOXUANDUIREN,YOUQISHIZERENXINHEJIJIZHUDONG、XUEXISHANGJIN、ZHIZHEDETAIDU,RENMEIYOUWANREN,HENDUOSHIQINGMEIYOUJINGLIMEIGUANXI,DUOJINGLI、DUOWU、DUOXUEXI、DUOZONGJIE,ZIRANERRANJIUNENGTIGAO。PDMXIANGMUSHISHIYESHIRUCI,CONGXIANGMUFUZEREN、DAOSHISHIZIXUNGUWEN、SHISHIZHONGZIRENYUANDENGDEXUANZE,DOUHUIDUICHENGGONGSHISHIPDMXIANGMUYOUZHU,FANZHIZEYOUHAI。

  • 2018-11-29 16:02
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